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The term bariatric surgery refers to a number of medical procedures that restrict the volume of food that the human stomach can hold. The purpose of these surgical procedures is to help patients achieve weight loss. Simply put, when there is less space within the stomach, less food can be consumed, meaning that fewer calories are taken in, which leads to weight loss. Bariatric surgery is intended to address significant weight loss for patients who have tried more traditional weight loss methods and have failed to achieve the desired results.
Many people are familiar with gastric bypass surgery, which creates a small pouch at the top of the stomach that is connected to a portion of the small intestine. This leaves the patient with a much smaller stomach to process food and a reduced daily caloric intake.
Gastric sleeve surgery is another option that alters the shape of the stomach and reduces the overall capacity of that organ. In addition, research suggests that this type of surgery has a positive impact on hormones within the gut, leading to improvements in controlling hunger and blood sugar stabilization.
Gastric band surgery is yet another option for patients seeking lasting weight loss. In these types of procedures, a surgical band is placed around a portion of the stomach, which leaves only a small portion available for processing food.
Any time that the human body is opened for surgery, there is a risk of infection. The team at Greater Columbia Bariatric Surgeons makes every effort to control the sterile environment in which surgeries are performed, which greatly reduces that risk. For patients who undergo anesthesia during a procedure, there are risks associated with each type of anesthetic available. Finally, patients are entrusted with assuming control over their own health after a surgical procedure, and they must follow detailed instructions on how to move through the recovery period and beyond to avoid complications.
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